If you overexert yourself in extreme heat can cause Heat exhaustion or in extreme situations to psychosis. Experts from the Harvard Medical School to give tips on how to recognize heat-related illnesses and prevents.
A Heat exhaustion occurs when you make the effort at high temperatures, physically, and not enough drink. The body’s cooling system cannot work properly. Signs of Heat exhaustion are profuse sweating, shortness of breath, a rapid, but weak pulse, headache, dizziness and Nausea or vomiting. Particularly at risk people with heart disease or high blood pressure, people over 65, infants, and children, as well as persons with a sunburn, because this affects the cooling mechanism of the skin.
A Heat exhaustion left untreated can lead to a life-threatening condition known as heat stroke. Symptoms include hot and dry skin, fever to 38.9°C, headache, confusion, and unconsciousness. The emergency physician Dr. Laura Burke explains why this can be dangerous and what to do in such a case, to: "During a heat stroke the body can no longer cool off by sweating, which can lead to damage to important organs. If you see someone suffering from a heat stroke, try to keep the Person cool off by putting you in the shade or in an air conditioned room. To wear the Person of cold water with a damp cloth and immediately call the ambulance.”
Thus, it does not even get that far, gives you some tips:
- Drink plenty of water: "In extreme heat two glasses of water per hour are the General Regel", Burke says. Alcohol and coffee should be avoided, however, prefer to.
- Bright, loose-fitting clothing: Breathable clothing lets the sweat to evaporate. In the sun, a hat and sun cream use.
- The activity in the Free limit, and in the case of strenuous activities, the times to avoid, in which the temperatures are the highest.
- Ways to quickly cool, have a cool shower or bath, you can also place a damp washcloth on the forehead. Freezing you should not shower to save because of the blood vessels to constrict, because of the impending cold, the heat of the body.
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