Infarction, rhythm disorders, heart weakness: What are the symptoms you should never ignore
When the heart stumbles, or raster, can be quite harmless. Quickly out of breath come, is a clear sign of a diseased heart. What are the signals of the most common heart problems else you should pay attention to.
100,000 Times our heart beats every day, and in the best case, we do not notice the steady throb. Only if we make the effort and the heart beats to the neck, it is sometimes not clear what provides a big performance, our pump around the clock. Sometimes the engine sputters, however, and who does not pay attention to the first signals, it can suffer serious and in the worst case, irreparable damage. As the 50,000 people who die each year in Germany of a heart attack.
Here are the main warning signals of the heart are and what rates the cardiology specialists of the German heart Foundation patients.
Irregular heartbeat – If the heart performs somersaults
When the heart device just once out of the clock and a few extra beats (extrasystoles) is running, there is no reason to worry. The Affected sense, however, significantly if the heart beats irregularly.
The extra contact on the premature beats, but more frequently of the day, repeated after a load or they take longer than 30 seconds, should clarify a physician whether a disorder of the cardiovascular system or metabolism is behind it.
Noisy you should be and then quickly go to the doctor if the heart stumble with dizziness, disturbances in consciousness, chest pain or shortness of breath.
An ECG and/or ultrasound examination of the causes of irregular heart can narrow impact is often not good. Also the mandatory measurement of blood pressure is important because high blood can cause pressure extrasystoles.
As harmless heart stumble uncomfortable and a little scary, patients can have recourse to the Mineral potassium. Whether one, two bananas meet on a daily or a potassium supplements is better, you should clarify but not necessarily with the doctor. To high doses of potassium can lead to arrhythmias and to normalize instead of the heartbeat.
Arrhythmia – When the heart starts to race
A rapid pulse is a completely normal reaction during exercise, excitement or in fear situations. It comes to turf, however, for no apparent reason, to the heart, should be a medical evaluation.
In the presence of an unexplained tachycardia, an ECG can determine whether atrial fibrillation is present, but not retroactively, but only during the heart is racing. It is recommended to do so as quickly as possible, a doctor or an emergency room visit.
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Occur in addition to the heart pain, pressure or a burning sensation in the chest on the lawn, immediately choose the emergency number 112. Because such complaints may point to a dangerous under-supply the heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood and a heart attack as a result.
Similar is true for tachycardia, which occurs with sudden shortness of breath or significant dizziness complaints, and disorders of consciousness, which may indicate a dangerous decrease in the pumping function of the heart muscle.
Arrhythmias – slow, fast and always dangerous
When our heart beats too fast, call a physician a lawn, tachycardia, or heart, if it is too slow bradycardia. In the case of pre-damaged heart rhythm disorders are a dangerous warning signal.
When out of nowhere, the heart rate in the height, can not only be very scary to the touch, but also atrial fibrillation are behind it. Atrial fibrillation can also disrupt blood flow in the heart is solid and as a result, blood clots can arise, which enter the blood stream to the brain. It comes to the blockage of blood vessels, threatening a stroke.
The heart device again and again from the rhythm, it can be a to lower potassium levels of debt. Important to know, however, is that Vice-versa also to high levels of potassium in the blood dangerous arrhythmia can cause. The normalization of the potassium level is, therefore, in the case of atrial fibrillation as well as other heart rhythm disorders is an important part of the therapy. In the long term, the renunciation of potassium helps rich fruit such as bananas or apricots. A fast reduction is necessary, it must be an Infusion of Glucose and Insulin.
Of ventricular fibrillation is when the entire heart muscle suddenly just jerks. The heart fills and pumps blood into the circulation. The Patient collapses unconscious, and dies in a few minutes, if not immediately in a resuscitation with cardiac massage is carried out.
Aching legs – claudication as risk of heart attack
Certain types of pain in the legs may show an increased heart attack risk. Noisy, you should be especially if the pain occur when walking, in the calves, and when stopping quickly subside (claudication), or if in the toe area hurts, and the Up relief. Because these two forms of Pain are a sign for atherosclerosis in the legs.
Arteriosclerosis, there is a significant calcification of the coronary vessels is usually. Pain in the legs, therefore, are a Signal to the heart to examine. Thus, some of the heart attack can then avoid, the so far 75 percent of the Affected with atherosclerosis in the leg suffer.
Quickly out of breath – with a weak heart everyday
Who climbing stairs after a few steps neat wheeze, it should trivialize in any case. The increase in respiration for every small physical effort can be to take the warning signal of a serious disease.
More than a lung disease such as Asthma or COPD, a heart is weakness, the typical reason for shortness of breath. Around two million Germans in the exhausted muscle is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood through the body.
The causes of limited pumping function of the heart, especially coronary heart disease, heart valve defects and heart rhythm disorders. Also a long-standing existing high blood pressure or a heart muscle inflammation may reduce the performance of the heart.
Many people who get out of breath quickly, and mistakenly believe that it was a sign of getting Older and not go to the doctor. This is dangerous: Because of a severe heart weakness with the pump failure of the heart muscle.
Always tired after the flu – perhaps the heart muscle is damaged
You do not return after a flu-like infection back to the usual performance, it should be investigated whether an inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis), which may be for the weakness responsible.
One of the most obvious involvement of the heart is, and if more symptoms come to the prolonged fatigue after flu-like infection: water retention in the legs (=Edema), a feeling of pressure in the chest, an irregular pulse, or shortness of breath at low loads.
The risk for an inflammation of the heart muscle is not particularly high, if you recovered from a virus infection properly.
Chest pain – signs for narrowed coronary vessels
A feeling of tightness, squeezing or burning pain in the upper body have a name: Angina. This is a common complaint of the image is based on a minimum supply to the heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood, which, in turn, is caused by calcified coronary vessels.
There is the stable Angina: Physical exertion, emotional Stress, cold weather, or large meals can trigger the chest pain that passes after a few minutes of rest or with a drug (for example, nitro spray).
An unstable Angina is if the symptoms of a pain, have increased seizure intensity or duration or if the pain is already at rest.
The acute pain with a nitrate medicine can cope with. In the long term, the clogged coronary arteries to dilated with balloon catheters and Stents, and open or with Bypasses bypassed.